Udhampur (उधमपुर) is a city and a municipal council in Udhampur District in Jammu and Kashmir. Situated among lush green forests of Eucalyptus, it is the second-largest city of the Jammu region and the fourth-largest city in the state of Jammu and Kashmir. Named after Raja Udham Singh, it serves as the district capital and the Northern Command headquarters of the Indian Army. A Forward Base Support Unit (FBSU) of the Indian Air Force is also stationed there.
The district of Udhampur is located in the shiwalik range of Himalayas and the terrain is mostly mountainous. The upper reaches of the district experience snowfall in the winter season. The city of Udhampur is located at 32.93°N 75.13°E in a relatively flatter part of the district at an elevation of 756 metres (2480 feet) and rarely experiences any snowfall. The city itself spreads on uneven hills of Shiwaliks. Udhampur is just 68 km ahead of Jammu city towards Srinagar.
History of Devika
In the Nilmat Puran that was written in the 7th century by Nela Muni, it is mentioned that the Devika River is a manifestation of the mother Goddess Parwati herself to benefit the people of Mader Desha that covers areas between river Ravi and Chenab and the river Devika appeared on Shiv Ratri. Lord Shiva himself remains side by side with his consort Uma manifesting himself in form of Shiv Lingas at EIGHT places alongside the Devika river. The river presently runs under its sandy surface.
In Devi Mahatmas it is mentioned that there is no need to perform Japa or any ritual for obtaining spiritual benefits at this pilgrim centre, only to touch with the Devika waters or having a bath in its waters is enough to get spiritual benefits. Water comes out by digging about a foot into the sand bed. Cremation on the sands of Devika is considered as meritorious as cremation on the banks of the Ganges at Kashi.
Devika, Babore Temples Kansar Devta’s Shrine, Krimchi Temples, Sudh Mahadev, Mantalai, Gauri Kund Shiv Parvathi Cave Shrine Cairhai, Mata Pingla Devi Shrine, Shankari devtaa mandir in Pancheri, shrines of Chountra Devi and Pingla Devi.
Udhampur is also known as DEVIKA NAGARI.
The most famous among the historical places and monuments are the Babore Temples, Kiramchi (Krimchi) Temples, Sheesh Mahal of Ramnagar, Ramnagar Fort. The historic temples of Krimchi are 8km off the Udhampur-Jammu road then a ten-minute walk along the riverside.
Tourist spots include Patnitop, Sanasar, Nathatop. There are many places in Udhampur which has the tourism potential but successive govts have never shown any sort of interest in developing them as a tourist spots.
New Jakhani Park also attracts lot of tourists these days.
For more photos related to Udhampur district, you can visit here- Udhampur Tourism
Ramnagar is known for its Golgappas (Pani Puri), Chocolate (Barfi), Sund (panjeeri).Another specialty of Ramnagar is Kalaadi, which is processed cheese. Kalaadi Specially made in the Ramnagar region of Jammu is best and famous all over the state.
Patisa of Kud is also famous all over state.
Dogra food specialties include Ambal, Khatta Maas, Kulthein di Dal, Dal Patt, Maa da Madra, Rajma, and Auriya. Pickles typical of Jammu are made of Kasrod, Girgal, Mango(maakdi) with Saunf, Zimikand,Tyaoo, Seyoo, and Potatoes. Auriya is a dish made with Potatoes. During weddings it is typical to make Kyoor and Sund.
Udhampur District has 3 assembly constituencies: Udhampur, Chenani and Ramnagar.
The city of Udhampur is governed by The Udhampur Municipal Council having 22 Municipal Wards. Udhampur consists of four tehsils (administrative districts), namely Udhampur, Ramnagar, Chenani and Majalta.
|Area Sq. Km||2,636|
|Proportion to Jammu and Kashmir Population||4.43%|
|Sex Ratio (Per 1000)||863|
|Child Sex Ratio (0-6 Age)||887|
|Total Child Population (0-6 Age)||82,638|
|Male Population (0-6 Age)||43,801|
|Female Population (0-6 Age)||38,837|
|Child Proportion (0-6 Age)||14.88%|
|Boys Proportion (0-6 Age)||14.69%|
|Girls Proportion (0-6 Age)|
|Population (%)||80.28 %||19.72 %|
|Child Sex Ratio (0-6)||897||820|
|Child Population (0-6)||71,968||10,670|
|Child Percentage (0-6)||16.14 %||9.74 %|
|Male Child Percentage||16.30 %||8.97 %|
|Female Child Percentage||15.97 %||10.90 %|
|Average Literacy||64.74 %||89.41 %|
|Male Literacy||75.61 %||94.04 %|
|Female Literacy||52.92 %||82.39 %|