Udhampur

Udhampur (उधमपुर) is a city and a municipal council in Udhampur District in Jammu and Kashmir. Situated among lush green forests of Eucalyptus, it is the second-largest city of the Jammu region and the fourth-largest city in the state of Jammu and Kashmir. Named after Raja Udham Singh, it serves as the district capital and the Northern Command headquarters of the Indian Army. A Forward Base Support Unit (FBSU) of the Indian Air Force is also stationed there.

Geography

The district of Udhampur is located in the shiwalik range of Himalayas and the terrain is mostly mountainous. The upper reaches of the district experience snowfall in the winter season. The city of Udhampur is located at 32.93°N 75.13°E in a relatively flatter part of the district at an elevation of 756 metres (2480 feet) and rarely experiences any snowfall. The city itself spreads on uneven hills of Shiwaliks. Udhampur is just 68 km ahead of Jammu city towards Srinagar.

History of Devika

In the Nilmat Puran that was written in the 7th century by Nela Muni, it is mentioned that the Devika River is a manifestation of the mother Goddess Parwati herself to benefit the people of Mader Desha that covers areas between river Ravi and Chenab and the river Devika appeared on Shiv Ratri. Lord Shiva himself remains side by side with his consort Uma manifesting himself in form of Shiv Lingas at EIGHT places alongside the Devika river. The river presently runs under its sandy surface.

In Devi Mahatmas it is mentioned that there is no need to perform Japa or any ritual for obtaining spiritual benefits at this pilgrim centre, only to touch with the Devika waters or having a bath in its waters is enough to get spiritual benefits. Water comes out by digging about a foot into the sand bed. Cremation on the sands of Devika is considered as meritorious as cremation on the banks of the Ganges at Kashi.

 

Tourist Attractions-

Devika, Babore Temples Kansar Devta’s Shrine, Krimchi Temples, Sudh Mahadev, Mantalai, Gauri Kund Shiv Parvathi Cave Shrine Cairhai, Mata Pingla Devi Shrine, Shankari devtaa mandir in Pancheri, shrines of Chountra Devi and Pingla Devi.

Udhampur is also known as DEVIKA NAGARI.

Sudh Mahadev-Mantalai-Chenani-Jammu-Lord Shiva-Maa Prvati-Udhampur TOurism-Jammu Tourism
Sudh Mahadev Temple, Chenani Tehsil, Udhampur District

 

Sudh Mahadev-Mantalai-Chenani-Udhampur-Jammu-Jammu Tourism
Mantalai Temple

 

Narsingh Mandir-Ramnagar- Udhampur
Entrance of Narsingh Mandir, Ramnagar, Udhampur

 

The most famous among the historical places and monuments are the Babore Temples, Kiramchi (Krimchi) Temples, Sheesh Mahal of Ramnagar, Ramnagar Fort. The historic temples of Krimchi are 8km off the Udhampur-Jammu road then a ten-minute walk along the riverside.

 

Ramnagar Fort
Shessh Mahal, Old Palace, Ramnagar Fort, Ramnagar, Udhampur
Sheesh Mahal, Ramnagar

Tourist spots include Patnitop, Sanasar, Nathatop. There are many places in Udhampur which has the tourism potential but successive govts have never shown any sort of interest in developing them as a tourist spots.

New Jakhani Park also attracts lot of tourists these days.

Jakhani Park, Udhampur, Udhampur Tourism
New Jakhani Park

For more photos related to Udhampur district, you can visit here- Udhampur Tourism

Specialities

Ramnagar is known for its Golgappas (Pani Puri), Chocolate (Barfi), Sund (panjeeri).Another specialty of Ramnagar is Kalaadi, which is processed cheese. Kalaadi Specially made in the Ramnagar region of Jammu is best and famous all over the state.

Patisa of Kud is also famous all over state.

Dogra food specialties include Ambal, Khatta Maas, Kulthein di Dal, Dal Patt, Maa da Madra, Rajma, and Auriya. Pickles typical of Jammu are made of Kasrod, Girgal, Mango(maakdi) with Saunf, Zimikand,Tyaoo, Seyoo, and Potatoes. Auriya is a dish made with Potatoes. During weddings it is typical to make Kyoor and Sund.

Administration

Udhampur District has 3 assembly constituencies: Udhampur, Chenani and Ramnagar.

The city of Udhampur is governed by The Udhampur Municipal Council having 22 Municipal Wards. Udhampur consists of four tehsils (administrative districts), namely Udhampur, Ramnagar, Chenani and Majalta.

 

Description 2011  
Actual Population 555,357  
Male 298,094  
Female 257,263  
Population Growth 20.86%  
Area Sq. Km 2,636  
Density/km2 211  
Proportion to Jammu and Kashmir Population 4.43%  
Sex Ratio (Per 1000) 863  
Child Sex Ratio (0-6 Age) 887  
Average Literacy 69.90  
Male Literacy 79.93  
Female Literacy 58.22  
Total Child Population (0-6 Age) 82,638  
Male Population (0-6 Age) 43,801  
Female Population (0-6 Age) 38,837  
Literates 330,421  
Male Literates 203,248  
Female Literates 127,173  
Child Proportion (0-6 Age) 14.88%  
Boys Proportion (0-6 Age) 14.69%  
Girls Proportion (0-6 Age)    

Udhampur

Description Rural Urban
Population (%) 80.28 % 19.72 %
Total Population 445,850 109,507
Male Population 232,694 65,400
Female Population 213,156 44,107
Sex Ratio 916 674
Child Sex Ratio (0-6) 897 820
Child Population (0-6) 71,968 10,670
Male Child(0-6) 37,937 5,864
Female Child(0-6) 34,031 4,806
Child Percentage (0-6) 16.14 % 9.74 %
Male Child Percentage 16.30 % 8.97 %
Female Child Percentage 15.97 % 10.90 %
Literates 242,053 88,368
Male Literates 147,261 55,987
Female Literates 94,792 32,381
Average Literacy 64.74 % 89.41 %
Male Literacy 75.61 % 94.04 %
Female Literacy 52.92 % 82.39 %

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