Samba District is a newly formed district in the state of Jammu and Kashmir. It is situated at an elevation of 384 meters. The Samba town is located on Shivalik hills range alongside the National Highway 1-A on the bank of river Basantar.
Samba is bounded by District Udhampur in the North, District Kathua in the East, Tehsils Jammu and Bishnah of District Jammu in the west, while on the southern side it has International Border with Pakistan. Samba district has a a longitude of 75.1167 and latitude of 32.5667. Samba is basically an agriculture-based town of Jammu & Kashmir. Most of the inhabitants of Samba earn their livelihood from farming. Since Samba has an agro-climatic condition, hence the crops have a high yield.
It is said that Samba was a principality established somewhere in 1400A.D. As per folklore Malh Dev, the younger son of Rai Saidu of Lakhanpur was the founder of Samba principality, who married into the family of Ghotar a local tribesman. After his marriage he stayed at Samba and made himself the master of the tract with Samba as its capital. Samba ultimately came under the supremacy of Jammu, during the period of Hari Dev, in 1816 A.D. and in 1846 A.D. it became part of the princely state of Jammu Kashmir.
Samba town is situated on range of Shivalik Hills alongside the National Highway on the bank of river Basantar at a distance of forty kilometers from Jammu city.
The District Samba is bounded by District Udhampur in the North, District Kathua in the East, Tehsil Jammu and Bishnah of District Jammu in the west, while on the southern side, it has International Border with Pakistan. About two third of the area of District Samba is Kandi & rain fed.
Samba District is a newly formed district in the state of Jammu and Kashmir.
Samba district consists of 4 blocks: Samba, Vijaypur, Purmandal and Gagwal. Each block consists of a number of panchayats.
Samba District has 2 assembly constituencies: Samba and Vijaypur. Both are part of Jammu Lok Sabha constituency
Out of 382 villages, 62 villages have been detached from Tehsil Hiranagar of District Kathua and one village from Tehsil Majalta of District Udhampur.
Samba District Overview
An official Census 2011 detail of Samba has been released by Directorate of Census Operations in Jammu and Kashmir. Enumeration of key persons was also done by census officials in Samba District of Jammu and Kashmir.
|Area Sq. Km||1,002|
|Proportion to Jammu and Kashmir Population||2.54%|
|Sex Ratio (Per 1000)||886|
|Child Sex Ratio (0-6 Age)||787|
|Total Child Population (0-6 Age)||38,020|
|Male Population (0-6 Age)||21,278|
|Female Population (0-6 Age)||16,742|
|Child Proportion (0-6 Age)||11.93%|
|Boys Proportion (0-6 Age)||12.59%|
|Girls Proportion (0-6 Age)||11.19%|
|Population (%)||83.17 %||16.83 %|
|Child Sex Ratio (0-6)||785||797|
|Child Population (0-6)||32,395||5,625|
|Child Percentage (0-6)||12.22 %||10.49 %|
|Male Child Percentage||13.04 %||10.51 %|
|Female Child Percentage||11.32 %||10.47 %|
|Average Literacy||81.08 %||89.25 %|
|Male Literacy||88.72 %||94.49 %|
|Female Literacy||72.81 %||82.69 %|
The culture of Samba speaks of the ancient heritage and lifestyle of the inhabitants of that place. Having its own inherent folk dances and songs, Samba represents a rich tradition of local arts within its geographical premises. The shrines of Samba ratifies the influence of varied religions in the place like Baba Chamliyal Shrine, Baba Sidh Goria Shrine etc. This unity in diversity is surely one of the key traits of Samba district.
Purmandal, one of the most famous religious place in Samba, also known as Chotta Kashi. It has old Shiva temples having significant religious importance. It is surrounded by the Shivalik Hills that holds a natural beauty. Utterbani, situated at a distance of five kms from Purmandal on the banks of sacred Devika river.
In the map of Jammu & Kashmir districts, Samba stands tall as one of the economically viable and aesthetically credible places of the state. An Industrial Growth Center has been established on the bank of river Basantar at Samba.