About Samba District

Samba District is a newly formed district in the state of Jammu and Kashmir. It is situated at an elevation of 384 meters. The Samba town is located on Shivalik hills range alongside the National Highway 1-A on the bank of river Basantar.

Samba is bounded by District Udhampur in the North, District Kathua in the East, Tehsils Jammu and Bishnah of District Jammu in the west,  while on the southern side it has International Border with Pakistan. Samba district has a a longitude of 75.1167 and  latitude of 32.5667. Samba is basically an agriculture-based town of Jammu & Kashmir. Most of the inhabitants of Samba earn their  livelihood from farming. Since Samba has an agro-climatic condition, hence the crops have a high yield.


It is said that Samba was a principality established somewhere in 1400A.D. As per folklore Malh Dev, the younger son of Rai Saidu of Lakhanpur was the founder of Samba principality, who married into the family of Ghotar a local tribesman. After his marriage he stayed at Samba and made himself the master of the tract with Samba as its capital. Samba ultimately came under the supremacy of Jammu, during the period of Hari Dev, in 1816 A.D. and in 1846 A.D. it became part of the princely state of Jammu Kashmir.





Samba town is situated on range of Shivalik Hills alongside the National Highway on the bank of river Basantar at a distance of forty  kilometers from Jammu city.

The District Samba is bounded by District Udhampur in the North, District Kathua in the East, Tehsil Jammu  and Bishnah of District Jammu in the west, while on the southern side, it has International Border with Pakistan.  About two third of the area of District Samba is Kandi & rain fed.



Samba District is a newly formed district in the state of Jammu and Kashmir.

Samba district consists of 4 blocks: Samba, Vijaypur, Purmandal and Gagwal. Each block consists of a number of panchayats.

Samba District has 2 assembly constituencies: Samba and Vijaypur. Both are part of Jammu Lok Sabha constituency

Out of 382 villages, 62 villages have been detached from Tehsil Hiranagar of District Kathua and one village from Tehsil Majalta of District Udhampur.

Samba District Overview

An official Census 2011 detail of Samba has been released by Directorate of Census Operations in Jammu and Kashmir. Enumeration of key persons was also done by census officials in Samba District of Jammu and Kashmir.



Actual Population 318,611  
Male 168,948  
Female 149,663  
Population Growth 16.90%  
Area Sq. Km 1,002  
Density/km2 318  
Proportion to Jammu and Kashmir Population 2.54%  
Sex Ratio (Per 1000) 886  
Child Sex Ratio (0-6 Age) 787  
Average Literacy 82.48  
Male Literacy 89.76  
Female Literacy 74.39  
Total Child Population (0-6 Age) 38,020  
Male Population (0-6 Age) 21,278  
Female Population (0-6 Age) 16,742  
Literates 231,434  
Male Literates 132,552  
Female Literates 98,882  
Child Proportion (0-6 Age) 11.93%  
Boys Proportion (0-6 Age) 12.59%  
Girls Proportion (0-6 Age) 11.19%  


Description Rural Urban
Population (%) 83.17 % 16.83 %
Total Population 264,990 53,621
Male Population 139,144 29,804
Female Population 125,846 23,817
Sex Ratio 904 799
Child Sex Ratio (0-6) 785 797
Child Population (0-6) 32,395 5,625
Male Child(0-6) 18,147 3,131
Female Child(0-6) 14,248 2,494
Child Percentage (0-6) 12.22 % 10.49 %
Male Child Percentage 13.04 % 10.51 %
Female Child Percentage 11.32 % 10.47 %
Literates 188,598 42,836
Male Literates 107,348 25,204
Female Literates 81,250 17,632
Average Literacy 81.08 % 89.25 %
Male Literacy 88.72 % 94.49 %
Female Literacy 72.81 % 82.69 %


The culture of Samba speaks of the ancient heritage and lifestyle of the inhabitants of that place. Having its own inherent folk dances and songs, Samba represents a rich tradition of local arts within its geographical premises. The shrines of Samba ratifies the influence of varied religions in the place like Baba Chamliyal Shrine, Baba Sidh Goria Shrine etc. This unity in diversity is surely one of the key traits of Samba district.

Purmandal, one of the most famous religious place in Samba, also known as Chotta Kashi. It has old Shiva temples having significant religious importance. It is surrounded by the Shivalik Hills that holds a natural beauty. Utterbani, situated at a distance of five kms from Purmandal on the banks of sacred Devika river.

In the map of Jammu & Kashmir districts, Samba stands tall as one of the economically viable and aesthetically credible places of the state. An Industrial Growth Center has been established on the bank of river Basantar at Samba.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *