Jammu district derives its name from the city of Jammu which besides being the winter capital of the state Jammu Kashmir state, is known as the city of temples. The district has a population of over 15.2 lakhs as per 2011 estimates. The district has literacy percentage of 83.98%.
It is believed that the city was originally founded by Raja Jamboo Lochan who lived in fourteenth century B.C. The Raja had gone out one day for hunting when he happened to witness a tiger and a goat drinking water from one and the same pond.
This extraordinary phenomenon set him thinking and he decided to build a city at this site so that the strong and weak could live together in peace and mutual tolerance. Eventually, he founded the city which came to be known as “Jamboo” after his own name.
With the passage of time and due to its frequent use, pronunciation of the name got slightly distorted and the city, came to be known as ‘Jammu’ as it is called now.
The major tourist attraction is the Raghunath Temple Complex. Maharaja Gulab Singh began the construction of the Raghunath Mandir Complex in the crowded downtown Bazaar named after it, in 1851. It was left to his son, Ranbir Singh, to inaugurate it six years later perhaps the most popular temple in the north of India after Varanasi, it contains representations of almost entire Hindu pantheon, though the emphasis falls on the various incarnations of Lord Vishnu. The complex houses a rich collection of ancient texts and manuscripts.
For famous Jammu tourist attractions, Visit: http://photos.jammuredefine.in/district/jammu/
Jammu district comprises 4 tehsils –
- Akhnoor Tehsil
- Bishnah Tehsil
This district consists of 8 blocks:
- Ranbir Singh Pura(RS Pura)
Jammu District has 11 assembly constituencies:
- Jammu East
- Jammu West
- Raipur Domana
The most widely spoken language of Jammu is Dogri. Other languages spoken are Punjabi, Urdu, Hindi, Gojri, Pahari.
Census 2011 data
|Area Sq. Km||2,571|
|Proportion to Jammu and Kashmir Population||12.16%|
|Sex Ratio (Per 1000)||871|
|Child Sex Ratio (0-6 Age)||795|
|Total Child Population (0-6 Age)||159,868|
|Male Population (0-6 Age)||89,067|
|Female Population (0-6 Age)||70,801|
|Child Proportion (0-6 Age)||10.47%|
|Boys Proportion (0-6 Age)||10.92%|
|Girls Proportion (0-6 Age)||9.96%|
|Population (%)||50.35 %||49.65 %|
|Child Sex Ratio (0-6)||776||820|
|Child Population (0-6)||91,284||68,584|
|Child Percentage (0-6)||11.88 %||9.05 %|
|Male Child Percentage||12.66 %||9.19 %|
|Female Child Percentage||11.00 %||8.88 %|
|Average Literacy||79.28 %||88.61 %|
|Male Literacy||86.81 %||92.58 %|
|Female Literacy||71.02 %||83.93 %|