About Jammu District

Jammu district derives its name from the city of Jammu which besides being the winter capital of the state Jammu Kashmir state, is known as  the city of temples. The district has a population of over 15.2 lakhs as per 2011 estimates. The district has literacy percentage of 83.98%.



It is believed that the city was originally founded by Raja Jamboo Lochan who lived in fourteenth century B.C. The Raja had gone out one day for hunting when he happened to witness a tiger and a goat drinking water from one and the same pond. 

This extraordinary phenomenon set him thinking and he decided  to build a city at this site so that the strong and weak could  live together in peace and mutual tolerance.   Eventually, he founded the city which came to be known as “Jamboo” after his own  name. 

With the passage of time and due to its frequent use, pronunciation of  the name got slightly distorted and the city, came to be known as ‘Jammu’ as it is called now.


Tourist Attractions

Jammu-map-district-jammu-kashmirJammu is famous for its temples. In fact it is known as the city of temples and the every fame of its tends to overshadow its palaces, forts, forests and powerful ziarats.

The major tourist attraction is the Raghunath Temple Complex. Maharaja Gulab Singh began the construction of the Raghunath Mandir Complex in the crowded downtown Bazaar named after it, in 1851. It was left to his son, Ranbir Singh, to inaugurate it six years later perhaps the most popular temple in the north of India after Varanasi, it contains representations of almost entire Hindu pantheon, though the emphasis falls on the various incarnations of Lord Vishnu. The complex houses a rich collection of ancient texts and manuscripts.

For famous Jammu tourist attractions, Visit:




Jammu district comprises 4 tehsils –

  • Akhnoor Tehsil
  • Bishnah Tehsil
  • Ranbirsinghpora
  • Jammu.

This district consists of 8 blocks: 

  • Akhnoor
  • Bhalwal
  • Bishnah
  • Khour
  • Marh
  • Ranbir Singh Pura(RS Pura)
  • Satwari
  • Dansal


Jammu District has 11 assembly constituencies:

  • Jammu East
  • Jammu West
  • Gandhinagar
  • Nagrota
  • Bishnah
  • R.S.Pura
  • Suchetgarh
  • Marh
  • Raipur Domana
  • Akhnoor
  • Chhamb

The most widely spoken language of Jammu is Dogri. Other languages spoken are Punjabi, Urdu, Hindi, Gojri, Pahari.


Census 2011 data



Actual Population 1,526,406
Male 815,727
Female 710,679
Population Growth 12.48%
Area Sq. Km 2,571
Density/km2 596
Proportion to Jammu and Kashmir Population 12.16%
Sex Ratio (Per 1000) 871
Child Sex Ratio (0-6 Age) 795
Average Literacy 83.98
Male Literacy 89.77
Female Literacy 77.41
Total Child Population (0-6 Age) 159,868
Male Population (0-6 Age) 89,067
Female Population (0-6 Age) 70,801
Literates 1,147,663
Male Literates 652,302
Female Literates 495,361
Child Proportion (0-6 Age) 10.47%
Boys Proportion (0-6 Age) 10.92%
Girls Proportion (0-6 Age) 9.96%

Population of Jammu District


Description Rural Urban
Population (%) 50.35 % 49.65 %
Total Population 768,577 757,829
Male Population 405,740 409,987
Female Population 362,837 347,842
Sex Ratio 894 848
Child Sex Ratio (0-6) 776 820
Child Population (0-6) 91,284 68,584
Male Child(0-6) 51,386 37,681
Female Child(0-6) 39,898 30,903
Child Percentage (0-6) 11.88 % 9.05 %
Male Child Percentage 12.66 % 9.19 %
Female Child Percentage 11.00 % 8.88 %
Literates 536,949 610,714
Male Literates 307,607 344,695
Female Literates 229,342 266,019
Average Literacy 79.28 % 88.61 %
Male Literacy 86.81 % 92.58 %
Female Literacy 71.02 % 83.93 %



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