Brief About Doda District
Doda is a district in eastern part of Jammu region of Jammu and Kashmir. Doda acquired the status of a district when it was carved out of the erstwhile district of Udhampur in 1948. Lying in the middle and outer Himalayan ranges, the district has mostly a hilly terrain. In view of its vastness and due to the inconvenience faced by people living in its far-flung areas and for making the whole area administratively manageable, the State Government, in July, 2006, trifurcated the district into the districts namely Doda, Ramban and Kishtwar.
The district is surrounded by Anantnag district of Kashmir Division on its north, Kishtwar district in the northeast, Chamba area of Himachal Pradesh in the south, Kathua district in the south, Udhampur district in the southwest and Ramban district in the west.
Historical Origin Of District Doda
This District has a rich history. The district derived its name from its district headquarter Doda. It is said that one of the ancient Rajas of Kishtwar whose dominion extended beyond Doda persuaded one utensil maker Deeda, a migrant from Multan (now in Pakistan), to settle permanently in this territory and set up an utensil factory there. Deeda is said to have settled in a village which later on came to be known after him. With the passage of time the name Deeda has changed into Doda, The present name of the town.
The entire area of District Doda including Allaqa Dengbatal (Tehsil Mahore) was initially divided into two independent States of Kishtwar and Bhaderwah. The erstwhile Kishtwar State had been divided into eleven parganas of proper Kishtwar, Nagseni, Padder, Marwah, Warwan, Dachhan, Kontwara, Saroor Sarthal, Zanskar, Bawanjwah and Doda-Siraj-Banihal. In other words, Kishtwar State consisted of all areas of the present District Doda including Deng Battal (Tehsil Mahore of Udhampur district) and Zanaskar of Kargil and excluding present Bhaderwah, Bhalessa, Thathri Tehsils, Marmat Galihan, Raggi, Assar, Batote areas of Doda and Ramban Tehsils. The history of Kishtwar dates back to 200 B.C.
When the revered Buddhist scholar Nagsena was invited to a discussion by king Mender in his palace at Sakla. In the discussions Nagsena replied all the questions of the king who then embraced Buddhism and became king Milinda. Nagsena recorded the discussion in “Millinda Panha” a Pali Treatise on the fundamental principles of Buddhist philosophy.
Kahan Palor Kahan Sen was the first Raja of Kishtwar who belonged to the royal dynasty of Vikramaditya of Ujjain. He had established his rule much earlier than 1087-88 A.D. He was succeeded by Raja Gandarb Sen and subsequently by 45 others in line of succession. The territory of Kishtwar was conquered by Raja Gulab Singh in 1821. A.D. when Raja Mohd Teg Singh surrendered at Doda without any resistance.
Kishtwar was annexed to Jammu kingdom in 1821 A.D. but Gulab Singh did not visit Kishtwar. He appointed Mian Chand Singh as Amil (Administrator) of Kishtwar. One Lak Shan was appointed as kardar under Chain Singh (Neeli Akhon-wala). Chain Singh was replaced by Mehta Basti Ram as administrator of Kishtwar. Raja Gulab Singh appointed Zorawar Singh as Governor of Kishtwar in June 1823 who remained in power upto 1841. Marwah was annexed to Kishtwar during Zorawar Singh’s first Ladakh expedition (1833-34). >From 1934-1841 Zorawar Singh led four expeditions to Ladakh.
When Zorawar was busy in crushing rebellion in Zanskar, Ratnu the Palsara or Chief Official of Chamba Raja in Paddar, stirred up the people and seized the Dogra soldiers kept at Chaattargarh Fort in Paddar. In the spring of 1836 Zorawar Singh personally commanded a large force of about 3,000 men to avenge the insult. Chattargarh’s name was changed to Gulabgarh. When Zorawar Singh conquered Paddar, Ratnu fled away to Chamba where from he was sent to Jammu as a prisoner. During the fourth invasion of Ladakh, Zorawar Singh was killed on December 12,1841 by a Tibetan soldier in the battle of Doyo.
On the death of General Zorawar Singh, Mian Jabbar Singh was sent as Governor of Kishtwar in 1842 A.D. In 1846 A.D., the whole of Jammu and Kashmir situated in the eastward of the river Indus and westward of the river Ravi including Chamba and excluding Lahul was handed over to Maharaja Gulab Singh. Thus the province of Kishtwar also formed part of the J&K State. Sometime during 1875.A.D. the J&K State was divided into two division called provinces and the status of Kishtwar got reduced to a district with Ramban as its Tehsil. Lala Sarb Dayal is considered as the last Governor of Kishtwar province. Kishtwar remained as a district headquarter upto 1909 A.D. and was then placed under Udhampur Wazarat. District Doda was ultimately carved out in 1948 A.D.
The Islamic faith entered the region of Kishtwar as a spiritual and moral force, when Hazrat Shah Farid-ud-Din came over to Kishtwar via Dengbattel, Ramban and Doda, in 1664 A.D. When Raja Jai Singh ruling the while going to Kishtwar, he stayed at Doda for the long long 14 years and then left for Kishtwar.
The principality of Bhadarwah was distributed into 15 tharas or administrative units. The total area of Bhaderwah Jagir (including Bhalessa etc) was 533 sq.miles which after amalgamation with Udhampur district in 1931 was reduced to 213 sq.miles only. The earliest mention of the place is traced from Rajatarangni around (1112-28 A.D.), where the place has been named as Bhadravakash i.e. good resting place. According to the genealogical role of the Rajas of Billawar, the State of Bhaderwah was found about fifteenth century by a Scion of Balauria family, but lateron, came under the control of Chamba. Thus it may be presumed that the State was established any time around 12th century, but the events of the place, right upto the close of 16th century are not very clear.q
Nag Pal (IInd) was the son of Maha Pal who, like his father was a great devotee of Basak Nag. He is said to have ruled for one hundred years. Mela Patt is celebrated at Bhadarwah in honour of Nag Pal’s spiritual victory over Emperor Akbar. After Nagpal (IInd) the political conditions of Bhadarwah principality were very uncertain upto the 17th century. Nag pal is said to have died about 1620 A.D. Nag Pal (IInd) was succeeded by Bhakhat Pal (1620-35 A.D.) and many others. Bhadarwah became a part of Chamba State during the reign of Charat Singh, (1821-44 A.D.). His brother Zorawar Singh was appointed its Administrative Governor. Being a man of fine tastes Zorawar Singh preferred to stay at Chamba and administration of Bhadarwah was conducted by a succession of Subedars, who could not win over the local inhabitants. Zorawar Singh was designated as Titualar Raja of Bhadarwah in 1833 A.D. and was termed as Chhota Raja.
In 1844 A.D. Sri Singh was seated on the Gaddi of Chamba. Due to family dispute, Zorawar Singh fled to Bhadarwah and then to Jammu where he tried to gain the support of Jammu and rebel elements of Bhadarwah, but he could not succeed till his death. Zorawar Singh’s son, Prakaram Singh was made Raja of Bhadarwah in 1845 A.D. But owing to Anglo-Sikh war of 1845, Sikh dominion of the Hill States became very weak and Gulab Singh availed this opportunity to annex Bhadarwah with his territory.
The same year when Prakaram Singh was its Raja, Bhadarwah passed on to Maharaja Gulab Singh in 1846 A.D. During Gulab Singh’s time, Bhadarwah remained a military administered area, administered by a Special Administrative Officer and it was only in the later year of Ranbir Singh’s rule, that Bhadarwah was bestowed as Jagir to Amar Singh. Bhadarwah in Ranbir Singh’s time remained as private Jagir. Ranbir Singh appointed Lhab Joo as Kardar (Tehsildar) of Bhadarwah in 1859 A.D. Bhadarwah remained a Jagir of Raja Sir Amar Singh during 1978-81 A.D.
On November 10,1886, as per report of Tehsildar Bhadarwah, the Jagir of Bhadarwah was handed over to the representatives of Raja Amar Singh by Tehsildar Bhadarwah and it remained his personal domain with all Powers for its administration, development and revenue collection till his death in 1911 A.D. Thus for almost all practical purposes Amar Singh was ruler of Bhadarwah between 1886 and 1911. When Amar Singh passed away in 1911. A.D. Maharaja Pratap Singh issued an order regarding the Jagir and a committee of management was constituted for the estate of Hari Singh for the disposal of civil and criminal matters. Pratap Singh passed away in 1925. He had no issue and therefore Amar Singh’s son Hari Singh occupied the throne of J&K State. The status of the Jagir was changed. Its name as private Jagir was changed to Private Domain and incharge jagir was changed to Director private Domains. On the recommendations of Private Domain Assimilation Committee, the status of Bhadarwah ended in 1930 A.D. Consequently Bhadarwah became a tehsil of Udhampur District in 1931. After establishment of District Headquarter Doda, Bhadarwah was made a tehsil of this District.
Consequent upon reorganization of District and Tehsils, Naibat Thathri and Niabat Bhalessa of Bhadarwah Tehsil also became full fledged Tehsils in 1981.
Vernaculars include Bhadrawahi, a Dogri-Kangri language spoken by about 53000 people in Doda district, written in both the Arabic and Devanagari scripts.
Administratively, the district with 406 villages, three being un-inhabited. Doda District has been divided in two Sub Divisions viz Doda, Bhadarwah. It has four Tehsils Doda, Bhadarwah, Thathri,Gandoh. There are 08 Rural Development Blocks comprising Bhadarwah, Ghat(Doda), Thathri, Gandoh, Bhagwah, Assar, Marmat and Gundana. The number of Panchyats is 232.
Doda District has 2 assembly constituencies: Bhaderwah and Doda.
Total area of Distt. Doda is 11691 Sq. Kms. Doda District has been carved out from the erstwhile District Udhampur in 1948, and is the third largest in terms of area after Leh and Kargil. Lying in the outer Himalayan range in J&K State, the district falls between 32 degree-53’ and 34 degree 21’ north latitude and 75 degree-1′ and 76 degree-47′ east longitude. In terms of the area it is the 3rd largest District after Leh and Kargil in the State. On its north is Doda District of Kashmir while south-west and south are bordered by the Districts of Udhampur, Kathua and Chamba area of Himachal Pradesh. From east and south-east is Leh District There are most famous mountain peaks in District Doda like Marble Pass, Nunkun on the Suru Border which rise to a height of 2300 ft.above sea level. Two other famous peaks are Brahma and Moon Sikle.
Special / Unique About The District
The District is endowed with wast wealth of natural beauty and resources. Full with natural endownments, scenic splendour, places of tourist interest, Worship, round the year snow claded mountain peaks and challenging tracks allure the adventurers and trekkers not only from India but also from abroad.
The District has good potential for tourism including pilgrim and adventure tourism owing to its captivating scenic splendour, pilgrim centres and lofty mountain peaks. Monuments of archeological importance in the district include a fort at Bhadarwah, Bhandharkot fort in Kishtwar and Ghajpat Qila at Ramban.
- The District is known for its rich mineral deposits. Lead, mica, gypsum, manganese, marble, graphite copper etc. The costliest blue sapphire is found in Paddar, at a height of about 15,000 feet. The work on this mine is abandoned at present.
- Blankets of Kishtwar and Bhadrawah tehsils are famous in J&K state
- Saffron and Zeera of Tehsil Kishtwar are a special variety in the District
- Wild Mushroom is also a special variety in Distt. Doda
Doda District Overview
An official Census 2011 detail of Doda, a district of Jammu and Kashmir has been released by Directorate of Census Operations in Jammu and Kashmir. Enumeration of key persons was also done by census officials in Doda District of Jammu and Kashmir.
|Area Sq. Km||5,170|
|Proportion to Jammu and Kashmir Population||3.26%|
|Sex Ratio (Per 1000)||922|
|Child Sex Ratio (0-6 Age)||932|
|Total Child Population (0-6 Age)||71,038|
|Male Population (0-6 Age)||36,772|
|Female Population (0-6 Age)||34,266|
|Child Proportion (0-6 Age)||17.34%|
|Boys Proportion (0-6 Age)||17.26%|
|Girls Proportion (0-6 Age)||17.44%|
|Population (%)||92.05 %||7.95 %|
|Child Sex Ratio (0-6)||937||847|
|Child Population (0-6)||67,210||3,828|
|Child Percentage (0-6)||17.83 %||11.75 %|
|Male Child Percentage||17.79 %||11.50 %|
|Female Child Percentage||17.87 %||12.06 %|
|Average Literacy||64.01 %||87.14 %|
|Male Literacy||78.99 %||94.08 %|
|Female Literacy||47.93 %||78.47 %|